1755 Penn's Creek Massacre and the Aftermath
BARNHART/ELIZABETH LININGER, PA.
Date: Thu, 9 Mar 2000 20:44:48 -0800
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Ramsey, Lynne)
I am a descendant of Adam BERNHARD/BARNHART, b.
ca. 1775, PA.; m. Elizabeth LININGER; the first record I have of them is on
the 1850 West Salem Twp., Mercer Co., PA., census, living near their
daughter and her family, Lovina (BARNHART) and William NELSON (my
GGGgrandparents). Also living in Adam and Elizabeth's household is Joseph
BARNHART, age 33, and Margaret BARNHART, age 20.
Joseph's mother, Elizabeth
LININGER'S, grandfather and young uncle being murdered by an indian party,
and two of her aunts, Barbara and Rachel Lininger, abducted by the indians.
Barbara was exchanged three years later, after escaping, and Rachel seven
years later. There was also one brother who was spared because he had gone
to town with their mother. This brother married and had a large family;
Elizabeth Lininger was one of his children. Only two of Elizabeth's
brothers, George and Henry, are known to exist, although it is thought that
there were other siblings who stayed in York Co., PA.
Several days ago, I received a wonderful story from Chris MORELAND, a
descendant of Joseph and Margaret (MORELAND) BARNHART, which told about
Does anyone have any connection to this family? I am trying to compile a
list of the children of Adam and Elizabeth (LININGER) BARNHART. So far I
have three known children: Catherine, b. 1804, Joseph, b. 1817, and Lovina,
b. 1824. Since there is a lot of time between these children, I'm fairly
certain there were other siblings. Can anyone shed some light?
Regards to all,
Early in the year 2003, I
found this email at the right ►on Ancestry.com as I was researching an
ancestor, Adam Barnhart and his wife, Elizabeth Leininger. I hadn't
had much luck in finding Adam's predecessors. I read with interest the
part of the email about Elizabeth's parents and grandparents and their
horrific encounter, including kidnapping and murder by Indians, in
Pennsylvania. I too, thought it a grand story but needed to make clear
and definite connections with Adam and Elizabeth. I set it aside until
I have since added at least two more children of theirs to the list given in
the email from Lynne Ramsey. They are Elizabeth, b. 1810 and Saloma,
b. 1812. I believe I have made some headway into the ancestry and
descendants of Adam Barnhart which the reader can find by clicking the
middle two hyperlink buttons at the top of this page. I believed I
have figured out a plausible theory as to his parentage and have dug up,
with luck and help, the ancestry of Elizabeth.
I tried to connect with Lynne Ramsey
and the "Barnhart-L" email addresses given at the top of the letter but to
no avail. I wanted to find out if they had learned anything new.
Perhaps they will someday see my website when searching online and then connect up
Here below ▼I have several
hyperlink connections to various historical documents that show further
details and give credence to the first part of the email account about
Barbara and her sister Rachel/Regina and their father, Sebastian Leininger,
who I have come to believe is Elisabeth
Leininger/Lininger Barnhart's Grandfather. Read all and tell me what you
Just click here ▼to connect to me:
Marla Hembree at
Here is an overview of what happened that fateful day on
Oct 16, 1755.
It is a excerpt from John Blain Linn's book entitled,
ANNULs of Buffalo Valley, Pennsylvania
It was published in 1877 and shows that Linn had done his research homework.
He sites many historical documents and looks as if he interviewed people and
close relatives of people who lived though those dangerous days including
years of the French and Indian Wars precluding the Revolutionary War. What
you will see here is just a short excerpt of the book (pages 7-12) pertaining to the
massacre at Penn's Creek and the Leiningers and Le Roys.
Click on the title of this book.
This next document here is named:
The narrative of marie Le Roy
and Barbara Leininger, who spent
three and one half years as prisoners among
This is the personal "deposition" of two young colonial girl who
in 1755 suffered the murder of their families, the separation from their
siblings, and the hardships of captive servitude among a very different
culture than their own. It shows their bravery and fortitude which led
one of them
to attempt an escape and face a dangerous unknown wilderness while fleeing
their captors and to return home unguided but for their own instincts, resourcefulness and a unfailing
faith in God.
Click on the title of
this book, above. It is a good
Below ▼ is a short Genealogy Report for
Marie Le Roy,
her father and her brother. If Marie married when she returned, I do
not know. Once she marries, her maiden surname is lost on census
records. If anyone should read this and has reliable account of
what became of her, I would be glad to record it here.
Jean Jacques Le Roy or John King,
b. 1704. wife unknown
Children of Jean Jacques Le Roy
Jacob Charles Le Roy (King), b. 1730 in
Switzerland. He was also captured at the same time as Marie by the
Indians on Sept 16. 1755. he married Charity
Pennington, b. 1735- d. 1776. Jacob died
Feb or March of 1789. They had eight children, all whose surname is
Marie Le Roy, b. 1743
Click here if you
wish to see the historical marker placed where
Jean Jacques Le Roy was
murdered by Indian in 1755.
What happened to Barbara Leininger's younger sister Regina (anglicized "Rachel
"), named after her mother,
who also was kidnapped that fateful day in 1755? In the late 1700s and
1800's, the story of the Penn Creek Massacre including Barbara and Regina
Leininger became quite sensationalized. We today can understand how
that may have occurred. What is written on the following link is an
investigative report into the matter accepted and read before the Berks Co.
PA Historical Society in 1905.
Transactions of the Historical Society of Berks County:
embracing papers contributed to the society,
Pages 130 -140
If you have questions or if you want to make additions or corrections to
these pages, please contact me,
Marla Hembree at:
link to a short excerpt from: A
Church of The Pioneer’s Faith,
Christ Lutheran Church at Tulpehocken Creek, PA.
It holds more details to the story of Regina's (Rachel's) return home.
This church is located near Stouchsburg, in Berks County and is where she is
is a short history of this church.▼ A photo of this church is on the former
TULPEHOCKEN or CHRIST
Organized by a German Reformed congregation in Tulpehocken Township in 1738,
but existence dates from the 1720s congregation at Reed's (Rieth’s) Church who worshiped in the center of the settlement.
When the size of the settlement demanded establishment of additional
places of worship and after they lost their property to the Moravians, they
dedicated a well-built frame church in 1743 in Marion Township, 1/2 mile
west of Stouchsburg. It is this
congregation which is generally meant when the simple term "Tulpehocken
Church" is used today. A new parsonage erected in 1771 and a massive stone
church begun by this congregation in 1786 are still standing. Two pastors
served this church over a period of 63 years. They recorded some 3300
baptisms and 2000 marriages. They were Nicholas Kurtz and Emanuel Schultze.
The three photos here were taken by Greg and I when we visited the
Tulpehocken church located in Berks Co. PA, Aug 2011. It is a beautiful
church and Regina "Rachel" Leininger's grave is marked by the large grave
stone seen in the foreground inside the church cemetery in the above photo. You can
view the front of that gravestone on the above right. They refer to her as a
being captured as a "small" child. You can see that the "other Regina", who
falsely reported as being the real Regina by gossip and legend, is also
engraved on the stone. This means that the false story was still being
circulated when the stone was erected by the Berks Co. Cemetery Assoc.
The plaque on the top of the grave diplomatically shows only the name
"Regina". I believe the "Regina Hartman" tale has been thoroughly
debunked and proven false by
the Berks County Historical Society Investigation conducted in 1905.
Perhaps this difference of opinions is the result of three different and
competing historical organizions with members of different and strongly held
beliefs about the matter. It happens!