I have new information to share about the Cruikshanks. I was contacted by Marsha Davis, a descendant of Andrew Cruickshank and Jane Luckey Miller Cruikshank (widow of Captain Samuel Miller).  She saw my website on the internet.  The information below ▼is from her.  Some of it is similar to the information above but with one important difference.  She  included a copy of the handwritten will of the first Andrew Cruickshank that we know of in this country. To clarify this point, we will refer to him as Andrew Cruickshank Sr.  I diligently set about transcribing this will and have included that transcription in the information below.  There were surprisingly few spelling errors but many words were capitalized and any punctuation at all was rarity. 

Marsha has also written a short story called
Miller's Station.  She has compiled an artful combination of the facts of Samuel, Jane and Andrew's lives, (as we both know them) in a logical and convincing fictional narrative.  If any reader would like a copy of the book, I will convey your request to Marsha.  Contact me, Marla Miller Hembree, at:

Marsha has explained the differences in the spelling of the name Cruikshank/Crookshank in her own words:
While Andrew III spelled his name "Crookshanks", my great-grandfather, Harvey, spelled his, "Cruikshank", as did my grandmother.  My grandfather had a sister called Nancy Jane and a brother, Foreman, so I feel 100% certain that in spite of the different name spellings, they are the same family.  Harvey also had a sister named Martha, who would have been named after his father's sister, Martha.  I might add that many old census records spell the name "Cruikshank".
In Marsha's Cruikshank history below, my additional comments are in blue M.H.  The signatures in a white background within the will are copies of the actual signatures of those persons.

1813 Nov 24th   Butler County, Pa, the Will of Andrew Cruikshank Sr.: 

"In the name of God, Amen, I Andrew Crookshank of the county of Butler and the State of Pennsylvania farmer being weak in body but sound in mind and memory and understanding Blessed be God for the same and considering the uncertainty of this Transitory Life, do make and publish my Last will and Testament in manner and form following towit:


Principally and first of all: I commend my imortal Soul into the hand of God who gave it and my Body to the Earth to be buried in a decent and Christian like manner at the discretion of my executors herein after named and as to such worldly Estate where it hath pleased God to bless me in this Life, I give and dispose of the same in the manner following Towit:


To my beloved wife I do bequeath the dwelling house and all the house furniture to have for proper use During her life and at her death to be disposed by her at her pleasure and all the Cows horses Hogs and sheep which is to say all the living stock which I do own at present to be her own proper right and at her own disposal in like manner as above and likewise my wife is to have half of the grain in the barn at present and of any hay sold she is to have Half the grain and she is to have of the grain in the ground a half and third in the shock and Likewise she is to have the one Third of the profits arising from the Rail Estate in and During her Natural life and at her Death said land to be sold and to be Equally Divided into two parts and my son Andrew to have the one half of said sum so divided Clear of all Dues or Demands and the other half of said sum so divided to be Equally Divided between my son John and my Daughter Sarah only Sarah out of her part is to give my son Andrew the sum of fifty Dollars and my son Andrew is to have all the farming utencils as that stand at present to his own proper use and my riding saddle I give to my son John and my riding bridle and sirsingle to my wife and my apparel to be Disposed of by my wife to my children as she pleaseth. As I have here freely and fully made my last will and testament I do choose and appoint Robert Galbreath and David Moorehead as Executors of the said will in witness wereof I set my hand and seal the 24th of November 1813.”

 Witnesses Present:  Robt. Galbreath and John Fair

“The above signed Andrew Crookshank came personaly before and acknowledged the above to be his will and Testament and as sutch Desired it to be recorded as witness my hand seal the 24th of November 1813”


“The above Testator Andrew Crookshank having sometime past given an assignment of my real estate to my son Andrew, though at the same time reluctantly and not with my free will and since having grate Disquiet in my mind Concerning the said assignment knowing that thereby I have not done justice to the rest of my Children and considering myself at present apparently in a state shortly to remove out of this world and I do therefore look on it as my duty at present to Disanul and make void the  ("sd" was inserted here) assignment. I do therefore agreeable to my last testament where to this is anuned (? This word was unreadable in the handwritten will.  I am thinking that the word was intended to be “anulled”. M.H.) declare said assignment to be void and of no force as my alt (? Short for "Alternate"? M.H.) and to assurt and manifest the truth and sincerity of my heart in what is here done.  I do set my hand and seal the 24th Day of

 November 1813.”  

Witness present….

Robt. Galbreath,                                        

1814 Mar 14th , - Andrew Crookshank’s will is probated in Butler County, PA. 


A Time Line for Andrew Cruikshank & Jane Miller

 1776 Aug 17th Andrew Cruikshank enlisted in the 8th Pennsylvania Line serving until Sept.1779.  He served under Capt. Samuel Miller until the Capt was killed by Indians.

 1778 July 10th Capt. Samuel Miller killed by Indians.

1782 July 13th   Indians attacked Hannastown and Miller’s Station while the men were in the fields reaping.  Jane Cruikshank escaped with the help of her brother Andrew Luckey.  Many others were killed and captured. Samuel Miller Jr. is killed on the same day as Indians escape with other prisoners.

1784 May 4th  An Orphans Court held at Hannastown before John Moore, Charles Foreman and Christopher Truby, (Justices of the said Court). (Partitions & Orphans Court Docket Book #3) Upon petition of Jean Crookshanks, late widow of Capt. Samuel Miller, deceased, setting forth that the said Samuel Miller was appointed a Captain in the Eighth Pennsylvania Line for the protection of the Western frontier the ninth day of August 1776.  That in the year of our lord 1778, the said Captain Samuel Miller on the 10th day of July was killed by the Indians then being in service as appears by a Certificate from Colonel Daniel Broadhead and other necessary proofs, leaving her the said petitioner and four small children to wit: Jean, Dorcus, Isaac and Samuel Miller to survive him and praying the Court to acertain the half-pay agreeable to act of assembly and draw an order to the treasurer of same. The Court after considering the petition of the said Jean/Jane Crookshanks, late Jean/Jane Miller and having heard the necessary proofs did acertain the said half-pay from the 10th of July 1778 to the 9th day of May 1780, being the day of intermarriage with Andrew Cruikshanks, her present husband, being one year nine months and twenty nine days at 5 pounds per month being 164 pound 10 shillings, which the court orders paid in quarterly payments.


1785 Apr 11th   At an Orphans Court held at Hannastown, present Christopher Truby, William Jack and Michael Huffnagle (Esquires Justices of the same Court), Order from the state of PA the above petition that the treasurer pay to Andrew Cruikshanks intermarried with Jane Miller late widow of Capt. Samuel Miller, deceased, the half pay due her during her widowhood amounting to 165 pounds.

(To see copies of actual documents of this Orphan's Court case, please go here.)

1789 May 5th "I do certify that Andrew Crookshanks served as Adjutant in the 2nd Battalion of militia of Westmoreland County for three years passed. Given under my hand." Col. Chas. Campbell.

1790  U.S. Census Hempfield Twp., Westmoreland County, Pa, page 263 Andrew Cruckshanks-1 male over 16, 4 males under 16, 3 females.

1798  The Cruikshanks move to Butler County.

1800 U.S. Census Buffalo Twp., Butler County, Pa, page 333- Andrew Crookshank, 1m 10-16, 1m 16-26, 1m 26-45, 1f –10, 1f 26-45.

1808 Feb. 16th,  “Andrew Crookshanks of Butler County, farmer, applies for a tract of land of four hundred acres or there abouts, on the waters of Buffaloe Creek in said county bounded by lands surveyed for Joseph Poak on the west and George Emline on the east on which the said Andrew Crookshank hath made an actual settlement and improvement agreeable to law in pursuance of a contract between them the said McCall and Crookshanks on the partition of two hundred acres to the said Andrew Crookshank and remainder to the said Archibald McCall. The tracts of land was surveyed by Stephen Goshen (?) on an improvement for David Poak in pursuance of which a warrant of acceptance issued to said McCall. Interest from 29 August 1794”. Signed: Andrew Crookshank, Butler County: “Before us two of the Justices of the Peace in and for said county came Andrew Crookshank, applicant above named and being duly sworn that he has resided for upwards of five years on the tract of land in the above application described, that he hath annually raised grain thereon and hath erected a house thereon for the habitation of man in which he now resides with his family and hath at least 30 acres cleared fenced and cultivated and hath double barn and springhouse thereon.” 16 Feb. 1808, Wit: Arthur and Andrew Smith. Signed: Andrew Crookshank.

1808 May 12th A draft of a tract of land situated on the waters of Buffaloe Creek in Butler County containing 415 acres and 16 perches and allowance of six percent for roads. Surveyed 22 Jan. 1808 in pursuance of a warrant for 400 acres granted to Andrew Crookshanks dated 12th May 1808.

1808 May 12th Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: Whereas Andrew Crookshanks of the County of Butler hath by his application set forth he has settled and improved on a tract of 400 acres on Buffaloe Creek in the County of Butler bounded by lands surveyed for Joseph Poak on the west and George Emlen on the east (being the same tract which was surveyed in pursuance of an improvement made for David Poak; and for which a warrant of acceptance has been issued to Archibald McCall. Interest from 29 August 1794, to Andrew Crookshanks 12 May 1808.

1810 Census Buffalo Twp., Butler County, Pa, page 1030 -

A. Crookshank Sr., Male (Unable to read M.H.), 1 female 45+.

A. Crookshank, Jr., 1 male under 10, 1 male 16-26, 1 female 16-26

Andrew Cruikshank Sr. & Jane Miller

Andrew Cruikshank was a Scotch-Irishman who emigrated to this country and arrived in Westmoreland County previous to the Revolutionary War. He enlisted in the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment. (Historical documentation says he enlisted as a private in Fayette Co., PA on Aug. 17, 1776.)  He served under Captain Samuel Miller until Miler was killed by Indians in ambush along with a small detail of men on July 7, 1778.  The Miller detail was assigned to delivering grain and supplies to Fort Hand north of Hannastown.


After the close of the war, Andrew (Andrew was decommissioned in Sept. 1779) was one of the militia soldiers stationed in Westmoreland County to keep down Indian outbreaks. He married Jane Luckey Miller on 9 May 1780, the widow of Captain Samuel. The Cruikshanks settled at Miller’s Station, the home of widow Jane Miller, until it was burned during the Indian attack on Hannastown in 1782. After peace had been finally secured Andrew was engaged for several years in teaming, bringing goods from Philadelphia to the new settlements in Westmoreland County.  Andrew was a skilled teamster and horseman.


Around 1797-98 Andrew Cruikshank moved his family to his tract of Donation land now located in Winfield Twp., Butler County, Pa.  He first came to this township with one of his sons (probably John about age 16) and erected a good log house, then returned for his family. They journeyed from Greensburg with a four-horse wagon, and assisted by a few Freeport settlers cut their way through as far as the Big Buffalo Creek. Crossing this stream they continued their way, the Smiths and others of the few settlers then in this neighborhood helping them to make a road. No one but the most daring Wagoner would have ever thought it possible to get a team and a load of goods over the route which they followed. But in due time they arrived in safety, and established themselves in their new home. The house was without a floor, and stick and a mud chimney stood and the end of it. The family consisted of Mr. Cruikshank and his wife and three children John, Andrew and Sarah the youngest at the time being about eleven years of age. In time the house was comfortably fitted up (Smith’s whip saw supplying some boards for floor, etc.) and the family entered upon the work before them in zeal. Andrew Cruikshank raised the first barn of any size in the neighborhood. It was of hewed logs, about 55x 30 feet, with a clapboard roof. The work of raising it occupied three days. Settlers from nine miles around were present and assisted. The raising was conducted in the usual manner- skids were laid and men with ropes drew the logs upon the structure, while others stood below and lifted with forked poles. For want of sufficient help, one end of the log was first drawn into position and fastened, then the crew proceeded to the other end and continued their work. Andrew Cruikshank died during the War of 1812 on the very day when his son Andrew was to enter the service having been drafted. In consequence of his affliction, and because his father had served his country so long, the son was not compelled to join the army.  Andrew Sr. is said to be buried at the Buffalo U.P. cemetery as are most of his children.


Of the children of this pioneer, John settled in Armstrong County, Sarah married Charles Foreman and settled first in Westmoreland County then in Armstrong County. Andrew remained and died on the old homestead. He reared ten children; of whom six are still living, viz, William, the oldest resident of Winfield township born in 1810, and living on the old farm; Dorcus (Bruner), Armstrong County; John, Winfield; David, Missouri; Martha (Bruner), Armstrong County, and Samuel, Middlesex.” History of Butler County, Winfield Township, page 275. 


The Family of Andrew Cruikshank , Sr. & Jane Luckey Miller

Andrew Cruikshank born in Ireland and died 1813 in Buffalo Twp., Butler County, PA; Parents: Unknown; Wife: Jane Miller, widow of Capt. Samuel Miller, who was killed in a Indian ambush in PA,. 10 July 1778.


Children of the Millers 1.) Jane Miller, b. 20 Oct 1771, married William Clark; 2.) Dorcus Miller, b. 11 Nov 1773, married Joseph Russell; 3). Isaac Miller, b. 1 Feb 1776, married Sarah Grier 28 Sep 1805; 4.) Samuel Miller killed by Indians 1782.

Children of the Cruikshanks:  5.) John Cruikshank, b. 1782, d. 28 Aug 1861, married Jane Foreman; 6.) Andrew Cruikshank b. 1785, died 1859, married Nancy Foreman; 7). Sarah Cruikshank, b. 1788, married Charles Foreman.

Here is a copy of an old photo picturing Andrew Cruikshanks III, the grandson of Andrew and Jane Luckey Miller Cruikshanks. I received a photographed copy of this family treasure while still kept in it's original gold colored frame.  It was sent to me by Marsha Davis with the following explanation as to her lineage to this particular Andrew.

  "In a nutshell, my grandmother, Narrie, was a Cruikshank.  Her father, Harvey, was the son of Andrew Crookshanks III.  Andrew III was one of 10 children born to Nancy Foreman (daughter of Charles and Sarah Phillips Foreman) and Andrew Cruikshank/ Crookshanks Jr., son of Andrew Sr. and Jane Luckey Miller Crookshanks."

The photo was much damaged especially the darker colors such as in his suit.  The original had
a gold colored watch fob.  Fortunately the face of Andrew was not too damaged.  It looks as if he had light blue eyes just like one of my old heart throbs, movie star Paul Newman.

Thank you Marsha, for all your research and the delightful story of Capt. Samuel Miller and Jane Luckey Miller.

If any of those who read this have questions, or answers, you can contact me (Marla Miller Hembree) at:         miller.malcom.ft@gmail.com




Back to Miller Family Page

I am showing this one page excerpt from the book in its entirety so you can see that there is more about the Cruikshanks to read

 but enough for my purposes here.