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Adam and Elizabeth Leininger Barnhart
At 3 PM we arrived at R's home with his wife. They invited us in for a chat. Very nice people.  Then R. suggested we go to the place where the gravestones of Adam and Elizabeth were laid. He seemed very eager to do so. I asked him how he discovered them and he told us that as a boy he used to play in that area. He told us that the person, who many years later purchased the property that once had belonged to Adam Barnhart, did not
like having gravestones displayed on his/her property so he/she had them picked up and moved to a wooded area across the creek next to a field used to plant crops.  When I saw the gravestones I could see that R. has spent some time carefully cleaning the stones with water to remove any debris and dirt.  Also, he had cut back any very stickery plants that surrounded the stones.  I made notes of what I could read on the gravestones and took photos. It was remarkable what good shape they were in. What a wonderful and awesome experience!  Below are photos of the stones, and the words that were written on the stones as best as I could read them. Also maps both old and new of the area where they were found.  God Bless R. for showing us where they were. First photos of the stones.
Adam B. Gravestone
In the spring of 2013 I received a Gmail from a gentleman in New Salem Township located in Mercer County, PA.  He had discovered my website and read that I was doing research on Adam Barnhart and Elizabeth Leininger Barnhart, his wife, former residents of New Salem Twp in the 1850's  I was astounded when I read his brief note.             
   On Wed, Jun 12, 2013 at 4:07 PM,  _______  _______________ wrote:
  Their grave stones are on Hilltop rd. West Salem Twp, Greenville Pa.   
   I live at  ___________________________.  
                   __________  _____________________      
I quickly replied and told him that my husband and myself were planning a geological foray up to Mercer County on the Fourth of July.  I told him I would call when we arrived in Greenville, the largest town in that area of that county.  And perhaps we could come by to meet him and he could show us the graves.  I have crossed out his name, street address and email address because after I met him I definitely got the impression that he wanted to remain anonymous.

On the forth of July 2013, we arrived in Greenville after exploring  some local scenic sites such as a charming covered bridge which is not longer in use as the highway that used the bridge has  been moved to the north of the old road. When we arrived in Greenville, we headed straight to the Greenville Historical Society which is located in Waugh House Museum on West Main Street.   I had previously called and made an appointment with one of the "curators", Janet.  The museum is a wonderfully restored old mansion and Janet, in charge that morning, was fantastic help.  When I called Janet from home I told her which Mercer County families (Barnharts and Leiningers) I was researching.  Janet had sorted through all the documents related to these two families and ready for us to look at.  Very efficient.   I told her I was trying to contact the person who had sent me the above Gmail message.   She was  able to pull up his phone number and I called. His wife answered the phone and I told her who I was.  She turned me over of the gentleman (I will refer to him as "R." from here on) who sent me the above Gmail. I told him we had arrived and asked him if he could meet with us that day.  He told me that he had a large family gathering that he was expected to attend at noon but that he would meet us at his home at about 3 PM.  I told him we would be there. Greg and I finished going through the research paperwork that Janet had found and then she gave us nice tour through the museum. Janet told us that she also had a family picnic to attend at noon. We headed out on our own to explore.  Greg and I used the time we had until 3 PM that day to cruise Greenville and eat lunch. I was very excited to find a street sign in Greenville that reads "Lininger Intersection".  We knew we were in the right place.  We found and explored the Good Hope Church Cemetery, the Barnhart and Leininger's home church in that Township. We got well acquainted with New Salem Township by driving country roads and to find R's house to enable us to be on there at 3 PM on time.  I found wonderful genealogical clue at the cemetery when we came across the grave stone of Sophia Kober/Cover Leininger who married John Leininger, grandson of Sebastian Leininger and son of George Leininger (born 26 Jan 1736/37in Reutlingen, Baden-Wuettemberg, Germany). George was the son of Sebastian and who escaped murder or kidnapping by Indians during the Penn's Creek Massacre in 1755. He had gone with his mother (Maria Regina Rosine Wurcherer Leininger) to the mill located near the mouth of Penn's Creek that empties into the Susquehanna River near what is now the town of Selinsgrove in Snyder Co. PA.  What a find, another piece of the puzzle, so to speak, for me, thanks to my husband Greg, who was a wonderful navigator and life partner. 

Joseph Lininger street sign
Greg at Covered bridge


1. Above is the Waugh House and Greenville Area Historical Society.
2. At the right is Greg posing at the Kidd Mill Covered Bridge (1868) in beautiful Mercer County, PA.
3. At the bottom left is the Joseph "Lininger" street sign.
4. At the bottom right is the gravestone of Sofia Cover Leininger buried at
the Good Hope Church Cemetery.  Died March 4th 1828, aged 68 years.
Sophia Leinniger gravestone


Below are my best efforts to read the words and numbers on the stones. I was guided by what information I already knew about these two people. I did learn new information such as that Adam's middle name was Adam and his first name started with a J. ( either for Joseph or John.)
Gravestone words and numbers

Just below you will find a modern map of West Salem Twp. and Greenville.  It was a real find to learn that the graves were originally on the same property that at one time belonged to J. Adam Barnhart.

Below that map is an old 1873 map that shows who owned property in the area of West Salem Twp. This map has been cropped to suit my purpose here. On the left center, I have marked a large red dot which is the location of the gravestones and the small red dot is the map- maker's designation for the home of Adam and Elizabeth Barnhart.  On this 1873 map the property is owned by their son, Joseph.(Jos.) Barnhart, who was Adam and Elizabeth’s son, who married Margaret J. Moreland. 


The Barnharts home is surrounded by neighbors with names mention- ed often in Mercer County History books. The Shoemakers were a family that is mentioned as living near the Barnharts in  Mountjoy Twp. In Lancaster County.  Did they all migrate to West Salem Twp .around the same time? 


 In the lower right corner there is a "German Church" highlighted in yellow. The road near the church is is not named but it has the name "Good Hope Road" on the newer map.


 For other new historical records about the Barnharts, Please go here to see them.

Old 1873 W. Salem map
Map Name 1


West Salem Map
If you have corrections or additions to make to this page or other pages in this website contact me:
  Marla Hembree at:

Elizabeth Bernhart