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Below is a overall account of Alonzo Grimes Payne, his life and war record.  His experience as Brigade Provost Marshall may have qualified him for appointment as a civilian Indian Agent after the Civil War in the Nebraska and Dakota Territories.

Below the narrative see the gravestone of Alonzo and Rhoda Green Payne buried at Springhill Cemetery in Danville, Illinois.  You can see that Alonzo was a member of the Masonic Lodge in Danville.  He was, as was the rest of his family, a prominent member of that community.


Permelia's brother, was prominent in the lives of Permelia and Joseph Malcom and their children. So much was their admiration for him that they gave their son, Charles, the middle name of "Alonzo".  Both my grandfather George William (Billy) Malcom and his oldest daughter, Fanny Maud Malcom Hensler wrote about him in their family memoirs.  This page is very factual but does not include the information concerning "Great Uncle Lon" and his service as "Indian Agent" on a Nebraska Indian Reservation after the Civil War near Grand Island Nebraska or the Winnebago Indian Reservation near Decatur, Nebraska. Below are excerpts from Grandpa Billy's Recollections of and Iowa Farmer and Aunt Fan's Genealogy of the Malcom Family in America, Part I written in 1954.  It hardly seems possible that these memories were figments of their imagination or just simply fabricated.  Both Grandpa and Aunt Fan were good story tellers but not prone to lying.  However, I have not been able to substantiate their stories of "Uncle Lon".  But then, I have not had time to thoroughly research the subject.  NEW: Recently I found this tantalizing tidbit about great Uncle Lon that was part of a newspaper column called the Catlin Clack.  This was a regular column of the Danville (Ill.) Daily News because I suspect that the town of Catlin (about 7 miles away) was too small to support their own newspaper. This column printed in the 1880s was mostly comprised of Catlin society news and hometown "goings-on".  Shown below is a clipping from the July 27, 1887 edition and the writer implies that Alonzo is home in Catlin on a visit from a job where he may be "scalped" if he is not successful. Even in those days, "scalping" usually occurred west of the Missouri River.






















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Billy Malcom's Recollections This recollection by my Grandpa (George William Malcom) was written about the occasion of a visit to his parent's (Joseph and Permelia Malcom) home near Neola, Iowa in Pottawatomie County by his grandfather, Horatio Malcom.  His brother "Charlie" is Charles Alonzo Malcom, named after his uncle.  The adults were discussing the merits of moving to Woodbury County and raising cattle after a particularly hard cold winter in Neola and the death of many including children who were relatives from the recent diphtheria epidemic in in the winter of 1878/1879.  "Uncle Lon" and his service on the Indian reservation are also discussed.  Grandpa would have been 8 years old in the spring of 1879.











Aunt Fanny Maud Malcom Hensler's recollections.  This is the story of Joseph and Permelia's meeting in Nebraska, their marriage and Aunt Fan's recollection of Captain Alonzo Payne as told to her by Permelia herself.  Other records set the year of their marriage at 1868.  We, today, of course know that Permelia was not a widow when she met Joseph and that indeed Tom Doyle was still alive.  


At the right is the gravestone of Alonzo ► Payne and his wife Rhoda Green Payne. He was apparently a member of a local Masonic Lodge as their symbol is located between his birth and death date.  This grave, along with those of other Paynes, is located in Springhill Cemetery, Danville, Illinois. 






  Below is a census record for the Alonzo Grimes Payne family from 1860-1900.

1860 Census: Alonzo Payne, about age 22, listed as a "laborer", his wife Rhoda, abt. age 24, and a Margaret age 10 months are living with Rhoda's parents, William (50) and Eliza (46) Green, in Normal, McLean Co., Illinois.  William and Eliza have 8 of their own children living with them, ages 8 months -17.
Rhoda's age must be recorded incorrectly.

1870 Census: Alonzo (32) and Rhoda (30) are living in Catlin, Vermilion Co. Ill. He is listed as a "farmer" and they have 4 children living with them James (14), Harriet (10), Charles (3) and John (1).  Margaret(who would have been 10) is not with them so she is presumed to have died.
1880 Census: A.G. Payne (42) and Rhoda (40) are still living in Catlin, Vermilion Co. Ill. but now he is listed as a "merchant". Charles W . (12), John H. (11) and Udocia "Docie" (1) are living at home with them.  Harriet, who would be about 20, is presumed to be married but may be dead as she is not listed as "living" in 1898 in the document above.
1890 Census: No census found. The document above says that he resides in Danville that year.
1900 Census: Alonzo(62) and Rhoda (60) are found in Pekin Ward 1, Taswell Co., Illinois. Their marriage year is 1859 and he is listed as a 'storekeeper'.  Udocia (21) lives with them.

Below is a military record of the 5th Illinois Regiment from the National Park Service and it doesn't include anything about Alonzo's personal record and service under Gen. George Custer or his assignment as Brigade Provost Marshal.


Alonzo Grimes Payne

Mustered in Private

Mustered out 1st Lt.
5th Regiment,
Illinois Cavalry


This flag is courtesy of the National Park service flag collection. It is the storm flag flown at Fort Sumpter and measured 8 ft. X 14 ft.



Organized at Camp Butler, Ill., August 31 to December 30, 1861. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., February 20, 1862. Thence to Pilot Knob, Mo., March 3. Moved to Doniphan March 27-April 1 and to Pocahontas April 17. Attached to Steele's Division, Army of Southeast Missouri, to May, 1862. Army of Southwest Missouri to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Department of Missouri, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade 3rd (Cavalry) Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 18th Army Corps, Department of the Tennessee, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to June, 1863. Cavalry Herren's Division, 13th Army Corps to August, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 15th Army Corps to December, 1863. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, 17th Army Corps, and District of Vicksburg, Miss., to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee to June, 1865. Departments of the Gulf and Texas to October, 1865.

SERVICE.-Action at Putnam's Ferry, Mo., April 1, 1862. Doniphan April 4. Pocahontas April 21. Scouting and skirmishing in Arkansas and Missouri till June. Smithville June 17 (Cos. "D," "F" and "L"). March to Helena, Ark., June 26.July 14. Hill's Plantation, Cache River, July 7. At Helena, Ark., till May, 1863. Expedition from Helena to Clarendon August 4-17, 1862. Clarendon August 15. Expeditlon from Helena to Jeffersonville and Mariana September 2-6. Expedition from Clarendon to Lawrenceville and St Charles September 11-13. Near Helena October 22. Expedition from Helena to Arkansas Post November 16-21. Expedition from Helena to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Moved to Snyder's Bluff, Miss., May 31-June 1, 1863. Expedition to Satartia June 2-8 (Detachment). Satartia June 4 (Detachment). Raid to Brookhaven June 23-26 (Detachment). Expedition from Snyder's Bluff to Greenville June 25-July 1 (three companies). Rocky Creek, near Ellisville, June 26 (three Companies). Gaines' Landing, Ark., June 28. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Near Canton July 12. Holton's Depot July 16. Grant's Ferry, Pearl River, July 16. Briar Creek, near Canton, July 17. Canton July 18. Bolton's Depot July 24. Raid from Big Black River, on Mississippi Central R. R., and to Memphis, Tenn., August 10-22. Payne's Plantation, near Grenada, August 18. Panola August 20. Coldwater August 21. Moved from Memphis to Vicksburg, Miss., August 23-27, and duty in that District till January, 1865. Expedition from Big Black River to Yazoo City September 27-October 1, 1863 (Detachment). Brownsville September 28 (Detachment). Morris Ford, near Benton, September 29 (Detachment). Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Brownsville October 15. Canton Road, near Brownsville, October 15-16. Near Clinton and Vernon Cross Roads October 16. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Robinson's Mills, near Livingston, October 17. Livingston Road, near Clinton, October 18. Oak Ridge January 16, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Champion's Hill February 4. Jackson February 5. Brandon February 7. Morton February 8. About Meridian February 9 to 13. Hillsboro February 10. Meridian February 13-14. Marion Station February 16. Clinton April 3. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City May 4-21 (Detachment). Benton May 7-9. Yazoo River May 29. Expedition from Vicksburg to Pearl River July 2-10. Jackson July 7. Expedition from Vicksburg to Deer Creek September 21-26. Expedition to Rodney and Fayette September 29-October 3 (Detachment). Port Gibson September 30. Expedition from Natchez to Woodville October 4-11 (Detachment). Woodville October 5-6 (Detachment). Operations in Issaqueena and Washington Counties October 24-31. Expedition from Vicksburg to Gaines' Landing, Ark., and Bayou Macon, La., November 6-8. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City November 23-December 4. Franklin Creek, Miss., December 21-22. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January 24, 1865. Expedition through Southern Arkansas and Northern Louisiana January 26-February 13. At Memphis, Tenn., till June. Expedition into Northern Mississippi March 3-11. Moved to Alexandria, La., via Red River, July 1, thence march to Hempstead, Texas, August 12, arriving August 26, and duty there till October. Moved to Springfield, Ills., October 6-17. Mustered out October 27, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 414 Enlisted men by disease. Total 447.   Notice most deaths in the 5th Regiment were due to disease.